(21) Time-series of RedHat stock price

As discussed in the Cookbook Section Cartesian time axes, the annotation of time-series is generally more complicated due to the extra degrees of freedom afforded by the dual annotation system. In this example we will display the trend of the stock price of RedHat (RHAT) from their initial public offering until late 2006. The data file is a comma-separated table and the records look like this:

Date,Open,High,Low,Close,Volume,Adj.Close*
12-Mar-04,17.74,18.49,17.67,18.02,4827500,18.02
11-Mar-04,17.60,18.90,17.37,18.09,7700400,18.09

Hence, we have a single header record and various prices in USD for each day of business. We will plot the trend of the opening price as a red line superimposed on a yellow envelope representing the low-to-high fluctuation during each day. We also indicate when and at what cost Paul Wessel bought a few shares, and zoom in on the developments since 2004; in the inset we label the time-axis in Finnish in honor of Linus Thorvalds. Because the time coordinates are Y2K-challenged and the order is backwards (big units of years come after smaller units like days) we must change the default input/output formats used by GMT. Finally, we want to prefix prices with the $ symbol to indicate the currency. Here is how it all comes out:

#!/bin/bash
#		GMT EXAMPLE 21
#
# Purpose:	Plot a time-series
# GMT modules:	gmtset, gmtconvert, gmtinfo, psbasemap, psxy 
# Unix progs:	echo
#
ps=example_21.ps

# File has time stored as dd-Mon-yy so set input format to match it

gmt set FORMAT_DATE_IN dd-o-yy FORMAT_DATE_MAP o FONT_ANNOT_PRIMARY +10p
gmt set FORMAT_TIME_PRIMARY_MAP abbreviated PS_CHAR_ENCODING ISOLatin1+

# Pull out a suitable region string in yyy-mm-dd format

wesn=(`gmt info -fT -I50 -C RHAT_price.csv --FORMAT_DATE_IN=dd-o-yy`)
R="-R${wesn[0]}/${wesn[1]}/${wesn[2]}/${wesn[3]}"

# Lay down the basemap:

gmt psbasemap $R -JX9i/6i -K -Bsx1Y -Bpxa3Of1o -Bpy50+p"$ " \
	-BWSen+t"RedHat (RHT) Stock Price Trend since IPO"+glightgreen > $ps

# Plot main window with open price as red line over yellow envelope of low/highs

gmt set FORMAT_DATE_OUT dd-o-yy
gmt convert -o0,2 -f0T RHAT_price.csv > RHAT.env
gmt convert -o0,3 -f0T -I -T RHAT_price.csv >> RHAT.env
gmt psxy -R -J -Gyellow -O -K RHAT.env >> $ps
gmt psxy -R -J RHAT_price.csv -Wthin,red -O -K >> $ps

# Draw P Wessel's purchase price as line and label it.  Note we temporary switch
# back to default yyyy-mm-dd format since that is what gmt info gave us.

echo "05-May-00	0" > RHAT.pw
echo "05-May-00	300" >> RHAT.pw
gmt psxy -R -J RHAT.pw -Wthinner,- -O -K >> $ps
echo "01-Jan-99	25" > RHAT.pw
echo "01-Jan-02	25" >> RHAT.pw
gmt psxy -R -J RHAT.pw -Wthick,- -O -K >> $ps
gmt set FORMAT_DATE_IN yyyy-mm-dd
echo "${wesn[0]} 25 PW buy" | gmt pstext -R -J -O -K -D1.5i/0.05i -N -F+f12p,Bookman-Demi+jLB >> $ps
gmt set FORMAT_DATE_IN dd-o-yy

# Draw P Wessel's sales price as line and label it.

echo "25-Jun-07	0" > RHAT.pw
echo "25-Jun-07	300" >> RHAT.pw
gmt psxy -R -J RHAT.pw -Wthinner,- -O -K >> $ps
echo "01-Aug-06	23.8852" > RHAT.pw
echo "01-Jan-08	23.8852" >> RHAT.pw
gmt psxy -R -J RHAT.pw -Wthick,- -O -K >> $ps
gmt set FORMAT_DATE_IN yyyy-mm-dd
echo "${wesn[1]} 23.8852 PW sell" | gmt pstext -R -J -O -K -Dj0.8i/0.05i -N \
	-F+f12p,Bookman-Demi+jRB >> $ps
gmt set FORMAT_DATE_IN dd-o-yy

# Get smaller region for insert for trend since 2004

R="-R2004T/${wesn[1]}/${wesn[2]}/40"

# Lay down the basemap, using Finnish annotations and place the insert in the upper right

gmt psbasemap --GMT_LANGUAGE=fi $R -JX6i/3i -Bpxa3Of3o -Bpy10+p"$ " -BESw+glightblue -Bsx1Y \
	-O -K -X3i -Y3i >> $ps

# Again, plot close price as red line over yellow envelope of low/highs

gmt psxy -R -J -Gyellow -O -K RHAT.env >> $ps
gmt psxy -R -J RHAT_price.csv -Wthin,red -O -K >> $ps

# Draw P Wessel's sales price as dashed line

gmt psxy -R -J RHAT.pw -Wthick,- -O -K >> $ps

# Mark sales date

echo "25-Jun-07	0" > RHAT.pw
echo "25-Jun-07	300" >> RHAT.pw
gmt psxy -R -J RHAT.pw -Wthinner,- -O >> $ps

# Clean up after ourselves:

rm -f RHAT.* gmt.conf

which produces the plot in Figure, suggesting Wessel has missed a few trains if he had hoped to cash in on the Internet bubble…

../_images/example_21.png

Time-series of RedHat stock price since IPO.