mgd77header

mgd77header - Generate MGD77 header from data records

Synopsis

mgd77header NGDC-id.a77 [ -Hheadervalues.txt ] [ -Mf[item]|r|t ] [ -V[level] ]

Note: No space is allowed between the option flag and the associated arguments.

Description

mgd77header generates an MGD77 header by reading A77 data (i.e., the data record portion of MGD77 files), determines temporal and spatial extents, ten degree boxes crossed, and data columns present. Optionally, it can also read an input file consisting of header field values (-H) to be included in program output. Header field values determined from data and read from input are output in either MGD77 format or as a list.

Required Arguments

NGDC-ids

Can be one or more of five kinds of specifiers:

  1. 8-character NGDC IDs, e.g., 01010083, JA010010etc., etc.
  2. 2-character agency codes which will return all cruises from each agency.
  3. 4-character <agency><vessel> codes, which will return all cruises from those vessels.
  4. =list, where list is a table with NGDC IDs, one per line.
  5. If nothing is specified we return all cruises in the data base.

(See mgd77info -L for agency and vessel codes). If no file extension is given then we search for files with one of the four known extensions. The search order (and the extensions) tried is MGD77+ (”.nc”), MGD77T (”.m77t”), MGD77 (”.mgd77” ) and plain text file (”.dat”). Use -I to ignore one or more of these file types). Cruise files will be looked for first in the current directory and second in all directories listed in $MGD77_HOME/mgd77_paths.txt [If $MGD77_HOME is not set it will default to $GMT_SHAREDIR/mgd77].

Optional Arguments

-Hheadervalues.txt
Obtain header field values from the input text file. Each row of the input file should consist of a header field name and its desired value, separated by a space. See below for a sample header file and for the full list of header field names.
-Mf[item]|r|r
List the meta-data (header) for each cruise. Append f for a formatted display. This will list individual parameters and their values, one entry per output line, in a format that can be searched using standard UNIX text tools. Alternatively, append the name of a particular parameter (you only need to give enough characters - starting at the beginning - to uniquely identify the item). Give - to display the list of all parameter names. You may also specify the number of a parameter. For the raw, punchcard-formatted MGD77 original header block, append r instead. For the M77T format, append t instead.
-V[level] (more ...)
Select verbosity level [c].
-^ or just -
Print a short message about the syntax of the command, then exits (NOTE: on Windows just use -).
-+ or just +
Print an extensive usage (help) message, including the explanation of any module-specific option (but not the GMT common options), then exits.
-? or no arguments
Print a complete usage (help) message, including the explanation of all options, then exits.

Header Item Sample File

Format_Acronym MGD77

Source_Institution SOEST - UNIV. OF HAWAII

Country USA

Platform_Name KILO MOANA

Platform_Type_Code 1

Platform_Type SHIP

Names of All MGD77 Header Fields

Survey_Identifier

Format_Acronym

Data_Center_File_Number

Parameters_Surveyed_Code

File_Creation_Year

File_Creation_Month

File_Creation_Day

Source_Institution

Country

Platform_Name

Platform_Type_Code

Platform_Type

Chief_Scientist

Project_Cruise_Leg

Funding

Survey_Departure_Year

Survey_Departure_Month

Survey_Departure_Day

Port_of_Departure

Survey_Arrival_Year

Survey_Arrival_Month

Survey_Arrival_Day

Port_of_Arrival

Navigation_Instrumentation

Geodetic_Datum_Position_Determination_Method

Bathymetry_Instrumentation

Bathymetry_Add_Forms_of_Data

Magnetics_Instrumentation

Magnetics_Add_Forms_of_Data

Gravity_Instrumentation

Gravity_Add_Forms_of_Data

Seismic_Instrumentation

Seismic_Data_Formats

Format_Type

Format_Description

Topmost_Latitude

Bottommost_Latitude

Leftmost_Longitude

Rightmost_Longitude

Bathymetry_Digitizing_Rate

Bathymetry_Sampling_Rate

Bathymetry_Assumed_Sound_Velocity

Bathymetry_Datum_Code

Bathymetry_Interpolation_Scheme

Magnetics_Digitizing_Rate

Magnetics_Sampling_Rate

Magnetics_Sensor_Tow_Distance

Magnetics_Sensor_Depth

Magnetics_Sensor_Separation

Magnetics_Ref_Field_Code

Magnetics_Ref_Field

Magnetics_Method_Applying_Res_Field

Gravity_Digitizing_Rate

Gravity_Sampling_Rate

Gravity_Theoretical_Formula_Code

Gravity_Theoretical_Formula

Gravity_Reference_System_Code

Gravity_Reference_System

Gravity_Corrections_Applied

Gravity_Departure_Base_Station

Gravity_Departure_Base_Station_Name

Gravity_Arrival_Base_Station

Gravity_Arrival_Base_Station_Name

Number_of_Ten_Degree_Identifiers

Ten_Degree_Identifier

Additional_Documentation_1

Additional_Documentation_2

Additional_Documentation_3

Additional_Documentation_4

Additional_Documentation_5

Additional_Documentation_6

Additional_Documentation_7

Examples

To generate an MGD77 header from A77 input, try

gmt mgd77header km0201 -Hkmheaderitems.txt -Mf > km0201.h77

References

The Marine Geophysical Data Exchange Format - MGD77, see http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/dat/geodas/docs/mgd77.txt.